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  PARKINSONS DISEASE OR (KAMPAVATA)  
 
PARKINSONS DISEASE (KAMPAVATA)

        
        Parkinson's disease which is also known as Kampavata is a progressive neurological disorder resulting from degeneration of neurons in a region of the brain that controls movement. This creates a shortage of the brain signaling chemical dopamine. This causes impairments to movements that characterise the disease. It is nothing new that has come to our knowledge now. It has existed for thousands of years. Its symptoms and potential therapies were mentioned in the Ayurveda and it is only such that it was not known to the modern world till late.

                The first symptoms of Parkinson's disease are tremor i.e., (trembling or shaking) of a limb, especially when the body is at rest. Tremor often begins on one side of the body, frequently in one hand. Other symptoms include slow movement (bradykinesia), an inability to move (akinesia), rigid limbs, a shuffling gait, and a stooped posture. In people with Parkinson's disease it is often seenthat there are reduced facial expressions and speaks in a soft voice. The disease also causes depression, personality changes, dementia, sleep disturbances, speech impairments, or sexual difficulties. Severity of Parkinson's symptoms tends to worsen over a period of time.

               There are many theories about the cause of this disease. Till late, the prevailing theory was that one or more environmental factors caused the disease. Some people have an inherited susceptibility to the disease that may be influenced by environmental factors. Strong familial inheritance of the chromosome - 4 gene was the first evidence that a gene alteration alone may lead to Parkinson's disease in some people.

                A neurologist must be visited when suspecting Parkinson, who can best evaluate symptoms and their severity thereby establishing the diagnoses of Parkinson's disease. No test can clearly identify this disease. Tests, such as brain scans, can help doctors decide if a patient has true Parkinson's disease or some other disorder that resembles it. Some experts believe Parkinson's disease is like an "iceberg; phenomenon," lurking is undetected in as many as 20 people for each of the known Parkinson's patient.

                There is no cure for Parkinson's disease. This is established clearly in all systems of medicine. Many patients are only mildly affected and need no treatment for several years after the initial diagnosis.

        Ayurvedic medicine has been shown in various medical trials to help treat various different diseases and in case of incurable diseases it helps manage the disorders better.

        In a 1995 study, Hp-200 (derived from the Ayurvedic therapeutic agent Mucuna pruriens ( Kapikachu ) seed powder, as opposed to isolated active ingredients) was tested on patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. The results were monitored with the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. The study showed that the Ayurvedic treatment was effective and only caused minor side effects.

       THE AYURVEDIC DESCRIPTION OF KAMPAVATA IS WHAT MODERN MEDICNE RECOGNISES AS PARKINSON'S DISEASE.

        Paralysis agitans, described by James Parkinson is an independent description of Kampavata (Kampa:tremor, Vata metabolic derangement Predisposing to neurologic and mental diseases) described in Ayureda centuries ago Various signs and symptoms associated with the disease such as akinesia, drooling, reptilian stare, tremor, constant somnolence, rigidity, and dementia were described in Charaka Samhita. A more clear definition. tremors of hands and feet, difficulty with body movements. Is described in Charaka Sanhita. Several preparations containing Mucuna pruriens ( Kapikachu ) were descrided for treatment of patients with Kampavata. The major active compound present in Mucuna pruriens is levodopa. Levodopa is the major drug used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The evidence suggests that Parkinson's disease existed in ancient India under the name Kampavata and herbal preparations containing levodopa were administered to manage the symptoms of the disease centuries before such a drug came into modern medicine.

        Herbal medicines containing anticholinergics, levodopa, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors were traditionally used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease in India.

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